Sentiment Analysis

Predict sentiment from text.


  • Corpus: A collection of documents.


  • Corpus: A corpus with information on the sentiment of each document.

Sentiment Analysis predicts sentiment for each document in a corpus. It uses Liu & Hu and Vader sentiment modules from NLTK, multilingual sentiment lexicons from the Data Science Lab, SentiArt from Arthur Jacobs, and LiLaH sentiment from Walter Daelemans et al. All of them are lexicon-based. For Liu & Hu, you can choose English or Slovenian version. Vader works only on English. Multilingual sentiment supports several languages, which are listed at the bottom of this page. SentiArt works on English and German. LiLaH sentiment supports Slovenian, Croatian, and Dutch. Custom dictionary enables one to upload custom positive and negative sentiment dictionaries. Custom files should be plain text files (.txt) with each word in its own line.

  1. Liu Hu: lexicon-based sentiment analysis (supports English and Slovenian). The final score is the difference between the sum of positive and sum of negative words, normalized by the length of the document and multiplied by a 100. The final score reflects the percentage of sentiment difference in the document.
  2. Vader: lexicon- and rule-based sentiment analysis
  3. Multilingual sentiment: lexicon-based sentiment analysis for several languages
  4. SentiArt: sentiment analysis based on vector space models returning text valence
  5. LiLaH sentiment: manual translations of the NRC Emotion Lexicon
  6. Custom dictionary: add you own positive and negative sentiment dictionaries. Accepted source type is .txt file with each word in its own line. The final score is computed in the same way as Liu Hu.
  7. If Auto commit is on, sentiment-tagged corpus is communicated automatically. Alternatively press Commit.


Sentiment Analysis can be used for constructing additional features with sentiment prediction from corpus. First, we load in Corpus. Then we connect Corpus to Sentiment Analysis. The widget will append 4 new features for Vader method: positive score, negative score, neutral score and compound (combined score).

We can observe new features in a Data Table, where we sorted the compound by score. Compound represents the total sentiment of a tweet, where -1 is the most negative and 1 the most positive.

Now let us visualize the data. We have some features we are currently not interested in, so we will remove them with Select Columns.

Then we will make our corpus a little smaller, so it will be easier to visualize. Pass the data to Data Sampler and retain a random 10% of the tweets.

Now pass the filtered corpus to Heat Map. Use Merge by k-means to merge tweets with the same polarity into one line. Then use Cluster by rows to create a clustered visualization where similar tweets are grouped together. Click on a cluster to select a group of tweets - we selected the negative cluster.

To observe the selected subset, pass the tweets to Corpus Viewer.


Hutto, C.J. and E. E. Gilbert (2014). VADER: A Parsimonious Rule-based Model for Sentiment Analysis of Social Media Text. Eighth International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM-14). Ann Arbor, MI, June 2014.

Hu, Minqing and Bing Liu (2004). Mining opinion features in customer reviews. In Proceedings of AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, vol. 4, pp. 755–760. Available online.

Jacobs, Arthur M. (2019). Sentiment Analysis for Words and Fiction Characters From the Perspective of Computational (Neuro-)Poetics. Frontiers in Robotics and AI 6.

Kadunc, Klemen and Marko Robnik-Šikonja (2016). Analiza mnenj s pomočjo strojnega učenja in slovenskega leksikona sentimenta. Conference on Language Technologies & Digital Humanities, Ljubljana (in Slovene). Available online.

Ljubešić, Nikola, Ilia Markov, Darja Fišer and Walter Daelemans (2020). The LiLaH Emotion Lexicon of Croatian, Dutch and Slovene. In Third Workshop on Computational Modeling of People's Opinions, Personality, and Emotion's in Social Media (PEOPLES 2020), pp. 153–157. Available online.

Multilingual Sentiment Languages

  • Afrikaans
  • Arabic
  • Azerbaijani
  • Belarusian
  • Bosnian
  • Bulgarian
  • Catalan
  • Chinese
  • Chinese Characters
  • Croatian
  • Czech
  • Danish
  • Dutch
  • English
  • Estonian
  • Farsi
  • Finnish
  • French
  • Gaelic
  • German
  • Greek
  • Hebrew
  • Hindi
  • Hungarian
  • Indonesian
  • Italian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Latin
  • Latvian
  • Lithuanian
  • Macedonian
  • Norwegian
  • Norwegian Nynorsk
  • Polish
  • Portuguese
  • Romanian
  • Russian
  • Serbian
  • Slovak
  • Slovene
  • Spanish
  • Swedish
  • Turkish
  • Ukrainian

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