Polynomial Classification

Educational widget that visually demonstrates classification in two classes for any classifier.


  • Data: input data set
  • Preprocessor: data preprocessors
  • Learner: classification algorithm used in the widget. Default set to Logistic Regression Learner.


  • Learner: classification algorithm used in the widget
  • Classifier: trained classifier
  • Coefficients: classifier coefficients if it has them


This widget interactively shows classification probabilities for classification in two classes using color gradient and contour lines for any classifiers from the Model section. In the widget, polynomial expansion can be set. Polynomial expansion is a regulation of the degree of polynom that is used to transform the input data and has an effect on the classification. If polynomial expansion is set to 1 it means that untransformed data are used in the regression. If polynomial expansion is set to 2 we get following additional attributes:

  • first attribute on power 2
  • first attribute * second attribute
  • second attribute on power 2

  1. Classifier name.
  2. X: attribute on axis x. Y: attribute on axis y. Target class: Class in input data that is classified apart from others classes because widget support only two class classification. Polynomial expansion: Degree of polynom that is used to transform the input data.
  3. Show contours: Enable contour lines in the graph. Contour step: Density of contour lines.
  4. Save Image saves the image to the computer in a .svg or .png format. Report includes widget parameters and visualization in the report.


We loaded the iris data set with the File widget and connected it to the Polynomial Classification widget. To demonstrate output connections, we connected Coefficients to the Data Table widget where we can inspect their values. Learner output can be connected to Test & Score widget and Classifier to Predictions widget.

In the widget we selected sepal length as our X variable and sepal width as our Y variable. We set the Polynomial expansion to 1. That performs classification on non transformed data. Result is shown in the figure below. Color gradient represents the probability of the area to belong to a particular class value. Blue color represents classification to the target class and red color classification to the class with all other examples.

In the next example we changed the File widget to the Paint data widget and plotted some custom data. Because the center of the data is of one class and the surrounding of another, Polynomial expansion degree 1 does not perform good classification. We set Polynomial expansion to 2 and get the classification in the figure below. We also selected to use contour lines.