Displays value distributions for a single attribute.


  • Data: input dataset

The Distributions widget displays the value distribution of discrete or continuous attributes. If the data contains a class variable, distributions may be conditioned on the class.

For discrete attributes, the graph displayed by the widget shows how many times (e.g., in how many instances) each attribute value appears in the data. If the data contains a class variable, class distributions for each of the attribute values will be displayed as well (like in the snapshot below). In order to create this graph, we used the Zoo dataset.

  1. A list of variables for distributions display
  2. If Bin continuous variables is ticked, the widget will discretize continuous variables by assigning them to intervals. The number of intervals is set by precision scale. Alternatively, you can set smoothness for the distribution curves of continuous variables.
  3. The widget may be requested to display value distributions only for instances of certain class (Group by). Show relative frequencies will scale the data by percentage of the dataset.
  4. Show probabilities.
  5. Save image saves the graph to your computer in a .svg or .png format.
  6. Produce a report.

For continuous attributes, the attribute values are displayed as a function graph. Class probabilities for continuous attributes are obtained with Gaussian kernel density estimation, while the appearance of the curve is set with the Precision bar (smooth or precise).

For the purpose of this example, we used the Iris dataset.

In class-less domains, the bars are displayed in gray. Here we set Bin continuous variables into 10 bins, which distributes variables into 10 intervals and displays averages of these intervals as histograms (see 2. above). We used the Housing dataset.